Building Nepal into the future


The Concept of the Enhancing Climate Resilient School WATSAN Through Child Centered Interventions

Due to the unsystematic, as well as fast growing urbanization and uncontrolled development activities, the natural environmental situation has been decreasing day by day throughout Nepal.  Such activities have invited different environmental threats within our surrounding environment and consequently, people have been facing an array of poor climatic conditions and have become victims of the climate change effect. With these changing conditions, this project intends to provide knowledge on mitigation/adoption measures and the concept of climate resilience in a school and its surrounding community.  To achieve its aim the project has planned different activities such as: dissemination of knowledge on the importance of water, its relation to climate change, best practices for climate resilient water conservation and utilization, and mitigation/adoption measures for climate resilience through active participation and involvement of school children.  To build awareness of present decreasing environmental conditions as well as possible restoration steps, the project plays a vital role through activating school children. 

"As we all know, climate is God’s (nature’s) gift and a high valuable thing for human beings as well as life of creatures, so it should be always kept fresh and fit ,"  Sadhuram Khatri. Program Officer, UNDP/GEF/SGP/IDS Nepal

Realizing the importance of conducting such types of activities in a community school, a contract has been made between UNDP’s Small Grants Programme and IDS Nepal to launch “Enhancing Climate Resilient School WATSAN Through Child-Centered Interventions” as a pilot project. Different activities have been composed in the project. The main activities are: to increase access of quality drinking water and sanitation facilities for at least 200 school children, to provide knowledge to the school children about the best practices for climate resilient water conservation and utilization, toilet use, hand washing practice and health, hygiene and sanitation related activities, and to develop and maintain cleaner and greener school premises. Along with this, the community-based (people in the catchment area) advocacy on best practice for climate resilient water conservation and utilization will be disseminated through school children/teachers to make aware and empower the local people regarding the climate resilient issue. In the context of project launching two 20,000L rainwater harvesting jars and a 50,000L water conservation pond will be constructed on the school premises. According to the contract between UNDP and IDS Nepal, the project area is a community school in Bhaktapur District.

Coordination and partnership building with line agencies and stakeholders:

Since the initiation of the project, IDS Nepal has developed partnerships and coordination with different levels (District, VDC and community) of stakeholders.  Coordination and partnerships are the backbone of the programme and promote sustainability.

Status of the field:

Shree Panchkanya Secondary School is located at Dulal gaun ward no. – 9 of Sudal VDC in Bhaktapur district, about 6km northeast from Chayamasing chowk, in Bhaktapur Municipality.  The school has 282 students (although the schools principal has said this number will increase in the next session) and 19 teachers. The school has six buildings (One of RCC building and rest are CGI sheet covered roofs) as its physical infrastructures. Similarly, the school has three toilets, which are very unhygienic and dirty due to lack of water.

In the school, there have been observed water shortages and there is currently no systematic water source within the school premises, although there is an old, unusable cement tank and tap stand in the corner of the school premises. To fulfil the need for drinking water in the school, the school has managed to manually carry water from the nearby water source (kuwa). It takes about 15 minutes for one round trip to fetch water. To make water availability in the school, one female person has been appointed for this purpose. 


Santaram Dulal, the school’s principal, says, "We have been faced with problems of water in our school and have requested different development-related institutions/organizations but could not succeed in solving it till this date.  But we are hoping that this project will fulfil our demand.” 


Mr Keshav Prasad Timilsina, chairperson of SMC, adds, "The concept of the project is found environmentally friendly. It will also help to minimize the water scarcity in our school to some extent, so we heartily welcome the project and will assure to its sustainability for a long future." 


Ms Prabha Pokhrel, Chairperson of IDS Nepal thinks, "This project is close to Kathmandu and can be a pilot for uniquely addressing the issue through community-driven approaches, making school sanitation programmes that incorporate the climate resilient tools."  


IDS Nepal 's technical team with Principal discussing technical matters , January 10, 2014

IDS Nepal Chairperson Ms Prabha Pokhrel discussing the sustainability strategy by SMC, Friday 07 March 2014 . 

Conservation Pond to be constructed as a pilot aquifer recharging location.


Blog by: Sadhuram Khatri
Program Officer: 
The concept of the Enhancing climate Resilient School WATSAN through child centered Interventions